HIAM Health is a Non Government Organisation (NGO) based
in Dili East Timor (Timor Leste) working to create a future for this struggling
nation in the way of education, rehabilitation and prevention of malnutrition.
Our latest initiatives
November 2011: Read about our current projects including our new horticultural
education program and our new malnutrition education program for influential village
Timor-Leste (TL) Facts
- Timor-Leste is approximately 60 minutes from Darwin, Australia by plane.
- It has a population of around 1 million.
- Over 50 percent of children under five are malnourished. (Ministry of Health (MoH)
statistics May 2008).
- Approximately 100,000 children under five are malnourished and hungry.
Life expectancy for women is as low as 54 years of age in some districts. - TL census
Infant mortality rate (IMR) is as high as 111 per 1000 births in some districts.
- TL census 2004
In 2000, world leaders devised eight goals to improve the health and welfare of
men, woman and children living in developing nations.
One child dies every six seconds from hunger and
Every day, around 30,000 children die mostly from preventable causes.
Under nutrition is responsible for more than half the approximately 10 million
deaths that occur in children under five in developing nations.
Nearly 150 million children under the age of five in developing
nations are under weight for their age. Two thirds of these children are in Asia.
Eradicating hunger, part of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) No.1, is the
key to development. While people are hungry, all other development activities are
thwarted. The hungry can concentrate on little other than their next meal. Hungry
mothers give birth to hungry children, who, if they live long enough, grow into
hungry adults. World Food Program report 2009
Malnutrition means 'badly nourished', but is more than a measure
of what we eat or fail to eat. Malnutrition is characterised by inadequate
intake of protein, energy and micronutrients and by frequent infections and diseases.
Starved of the right nutrition, people will die from common infections like measles
or diarrhoea. Malnutrition
is measured not by how much food is eaten but by physical measurements of the body
- weight to height - and age.
Although the proportion of hungry people in the world has declined over the past
few years, the actual number of undernourished people has been rising for the past
decade – mainly due to population growth and demand from the developing world.
World Food Program report 2009
Malnourished children are more frequently sick. Malnourished children suffer life
long term consequences of impaired development. Nutrition is the foundation for
health and development. Better nutrition means stronger immune system, less illness
and better health for people of all ages. The first two years of life are the “window
of opportunity” to prevent early childhood undernutrition
that causes largely irreversible damage. World Food Program focuses on the earliest
phase of life, i.e. from conception (-9 months) to 24 months of age, providing essential
nutrients including vitamins and minerals.
The Millennium Development Goals - World Food Program
- Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Achieve universal primary education
- Promote gender equality and empower women
- Reduce child mortality
- Improve maternal health
- Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- Ensure environmental sustainability
- Develop a global partnership for development
The health of children under five in Timor Leste has deteriorated since these goals
were introduced. HIAM Health has developed programs to change this fact.
For information on the world food Insecurity Food & Agriculture Organisation
For information on Micro Nutrients click